[216] The World’s largest aircraft has been damaged during a test flight


The World’s largest aircraft has been damaged during a test flight The massive double-egg-shaped inflatable Airlander 10 airship had a hard landing in England that damaged its cockpit. Even though the nose of the airship impacted with the ground in an open field, neither of the two pilots suffered injuries. The 92-meter-long helium-filled airship will eventually be able to transport cargo, be used for surveillance, or take passengers on flights.

helium: ヘリウム cockpit: 操縦室


Grenada has best Olympic performance per capita The tiny Caribbean island country of Grenada, with a population of barely more than 100,000 people, has earned the most Olympic medals compared to their population. Grenada won one silver medal, making it one per 100,000 people in the country. Other per capita top winners were the Bahamas, New Zealand, Jamaica and Denmark. Even though the U.S. won the most medals, they came in 43rd on a per capita basis.

per capita: 一人あたり・均等割


take root

Landon: How was your weekend? You were going to work on your garden, right?

Penelope: Yes, I planted some flowers in the backyard garden, and now I’m waiting to see if they take root and continue to grow.

Explanation: When a plant starts to extend roots and grow, we say that it will “take root.” We can also say it about ideas, such as “Yamada-san’s idea to encourage young business leaders is starting to take root. Many young people are following his leadership.”

take root: 根付く


you’re in good hands

Patient: Is there a specialist in the hospital who can handle my rare disease?

Dr. Lee: Don’t worry. You’re in good hands with Dr. Walker and his medical team. He is one of the best doctors in the field of rare diseases.

Explanation: The phrase “you’re in good hands” means that you have a person who is going to take good care of you.

in good hands: 安泰・安全に保護される
rare disease: 奇病・まれな病気


pay a penalty / penalize

Hello Mr. Hernandez:

As you know, we usually park our trucks in the street in front of our factory. But lately the police have been checking the street. If we don’t move the trucks to another parking space, the city government might force our company to pay a penalty for illegal parking. Please find a new parking area for our trucks as soon as possible.

Explanation: To “pay a penalty” means to pay money as punishment for doing something that is prohibited. The verb form is “penalize” which can be used in a sentence such as “The government penalized the company for not paying taxes.”

penalty (noun): 罰金・罰則
penalize (verb): 罰金する 罰する