[169] Malaria vaccine could save 600,000 African children every year


Malaria vaccine could save 600,000 African children every year A new malaria vaccine is ready to be assessed by the World Health Organization (WHO) for use in Sub-Saharan Africa. The vaccine, called Mosquirix, was developed by GlaxoSmithKline and partly funded by the Bill Gates-backed Gavi organization. After patients get an initial vaccination, periodic booster shots will be needed. The vaccines will be used in addition to insecticide programs that kill the transmitting mosquitoes. The use of mosquito nets is also a key component of the program. Many of the victims of malaria are children under the age of five. In 2013, the disease killed more than 600,000 people.

malaria: マラリア
insecticide: 殺虫剤



Lila: Did your husband fix the problem with your car?

Penelope: No, he’s been tinkering with the engine for the whole weekend, but I don’t think he’s figured out what is wrong with it.

Explanation: When someone is “tinkering” with something, they are trying to fix it or trying to figure out how to make it better. But they might need a lot more time before they can say that there is an improvement.

tinkering: 手直し


booster shots

Patient: Do I need many shots to protect me from tetanus, or just one shot in my lifetime?

Doctor Huang: Most people receive shots when they are young, and then we can give booster shots every ten years after.

Explanation: A “booster shot” is a second or multiple injection given to prevent disease. A booster shot is given after the main first shot.

tetanus: 破傷風
lifetime: 一生涯


deep pockets

Dear Melanie:

We need new customers for our luxury car sales. I think you should contact the members of the yacht club. They are famous for having deep pockets.

Explanation: When we say that someone has “deep pockets” we mean that they have a lot of money.

deep pockets: 豊かな懐
yacht club: ヨットクラブ